Spotlight on Health Care Reform: Age 26 Requirements

Nicholas Tomilinson and Andrea L. Bailey
June 21, 2010 — 2,388 views  
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The health care reform package enacted earlier this year contains a number of provisions that will require various federal agencies to issue guidance on their implementation over the coming months. The first regulations were recently issued and contain guidance regarding the new provisions covering health plan participants' children.
 
Under the health care reform package, certain employer-sponsored group health plans must extend their dependent coverage to employees' "children" up to age 26 (the "Age 26 Requirement"). Plan sponsors must implement this change effective no later than the first day of the first plan year which begins on or after September 23, 2010 (January 1, 2011 for calendar year plans). On May 10, 2010, the U.S. Departments of Health & Human Services (HHS), Labor (DOL), and Treasury issued the first interim final regulations on the Age 26 Requirement. Those regulations provide the following guidance:
 
  • Only plans providing dependent coverage of children are required to adopt the Age 26 Requirement. If a plan does not offer dependent coverage the plan need not cover an employee's children. The term "child" will be defined by later guidance.

  • Plans can not impose requirements on the child for these purposes, such as being a full-time student or being the employee's tax-dependent. However, until 2014, grandfathered plans (i.e., plans already effective prior to March 23, 20101) which are not materially changed, under standards not yet established, may deny coverage to a child who is eligible for coverage under another group health plan (other than a plan of the other parent). Also, a child is not required to be covered unless the employee-parent is covered.

  • Plans are not required to cover a child's spouse or child.

  • Plan premiums and coverage must be uniform, regardless of age, for all children not yet 26.

  • A child under age 26 must be given a 30-day opportunity to enroll in the parent's health plan effective as of the effective date of the Age 26 Requirement. A special advance notice of this opportunity must be given prior to the effective date.

  • All coverage options must be offered to a child entering the plan. A covered parent must also be offered the opportunity to elect the same coverage at the same time.

  • A child will be eligible for COBRA (perhaps for a second time) upon being dropped from the plan at age 26.
Action Steps
 
  • Plan sponsors should consult their plans advisors to have plan documents and summary plan descriptions amended for the Age 26 Requirement.

  • In planning an open enrollment period, plan sponsors should include the special enrollment rights for those children under age 26 who have lost eligibility under the plan. If this special enrollment cannot be accommodated during the plan's next open enrollment period, plan sponsors must hold a special enrollment period.

  • Because more guidance, including guidance regarding the definition of a grandfathered plan and a child, is due from HHS, DOL, and Treasury over the coming months, plan sponsors should consult their advisors to determine the appropriate strategy for implementing the health reform package and its regulatory guidance in their group health plans.

  • Any change to a plan as it existed on March 23, 2010 may result in a loss of grandfathered status. Accordingly, sponsors should carefully consider any proposed changes to existing plans.
1. This is only a general explanation of what constitutes a grandfathered plan. The health care reform package does not clearly define the term "grandfathered." The DOL, Treasury, and HHS (the federal agencies responsible for the regulations) expect to issue regulatory guidance regarding the definition of a grandfathered plan by the end of May.
 
About the authors
 
Nick Tomlinson, associate in the Firm's Atlanta office, is licensed in both Georgia and Louisiana and concentrates his practice in the area of employee benefits. He focuses on the planning and design of tax-qualified retirement plans and 403(b) plans, as well as executive compensation and health and welfare plans. Mr. Tomlinson also consults with clients regarding employee benefits issues in mergers and acquisitions and compliance issues and filings with the IRS.  In addition, he advises on employee status, corporate tax planning and transactions, and estate and gift tax planning.
 
Andrea Bailey, of counsel in the Firm’s Birmingham office, concentrates her practice in the area of employee benefits and executive compensation. A graduate of the University of Virginia School Of Law, Ms. Bailey is experienced in all aspects of executive compensation and employee benefits matters, including the design and administration of qualified plans, health and welfare benefit plans, and non-qualified plans. 
 
If you have any questions concerning this Age 26 Requirement or any other aspects of the health care reform, please contact any of the following attorneys in the Firm's Tax or Health Care Departments:

Atlanta, Georgia
Nedom A. Haley 404.221.6505 [email protected]
Thomas W. Baker 404.221.6510 [email protected]
Michael M. Smith 404.589.3419 [email protected]
Nicholas C. Tomlinson 404.221.6537 [email protected]

Macon, Georgia
Gina G. Greenwood 404.589.0009 [email protected]

Memphis, Tennessee
Paul R. O'Rourke 901.577.2313 [email protected]
William H.D. Fones Jr. 901.577.2247 [email protected]
Mary Ann Jackson 901.577.8113 [email protected]

East Memphis, Tennessee
James R. Hall Jr. 901.579.3126 [email protected]
Christopher J. Coats 901.579.3127 [email protected]

Nashville, Tennessee
Philip S. McSween 615.726.7334 [email protected]
Thomas E. Bartrum 615.726.5641 [email protected]
Carolyn W. Schott 615.726.7312 [email protected]
John B. Burns 615.726.5599 [email protected]

Chattanooga, Tennessee
Carl E. Hartley 423.756.2010 [email protected]
Virginia C. Love 423.209.4118 [email protected]
William E. Robinson 423.209.4107 [email protected]

Knoxville, Tennessee
Angelia M. Nystrom 865.971.5170 [email protected]
L. Eric Ebbert 865.971.5182 [email protected]

Birmingham, Alabama
Thomas J.Mahoney Jr. 205.250.8346 [email protected]
J. Andrew Lemons 205.250.8327 [email protected]
Andrea L. Bailey 205.244.3809 [email protected]
Vincent J. Schilleci 205.244.3827 [email protected]

New Orleans, Louisiana
Robert W. Nuzum 504.566.5209 [email protected]
Danielle Trostorff 504.566.5224 [email protected]

Baton Rouge, Louisiana
Donna Fraiche 504.566.5201 [email protected]
Alton E. Bayard III 225.381.7019 [email protected]

Jackson, Mississippi
James K. Dossett Jr. 601.351.2482 [email protected]
Jon D. Seawright 601.351.8921 [email protected]
David P. Webb 601.969.4678 [email protected]
D. Nathan Smith 601.969.4682 [email protected]

Washington, D.C.
James W. McBride 202.508.3467 [email protected]
Scott D. Smith 202.508.3430 [email protected]
Donna K. Thiel 202.508.3414 [email protected]

Under requirements imposed by the IRS, we inform you that, if any advice concerning one or more U.S. federal tax issues is contained in this communication (including any attachments), such advice was not intended or written to be used, and cannot be used, for the purpose of (1) avoiding penalties under the Internal Revenue Code or (2) promoting, marketing or recommending to another party any transaction or tax-related matter addressed herein.

Nicholas Tomilinson and Andrea L. Bailey

Baker Donelson